The stone masonry industry regularly use various types of natural and artificial stone. Selecting the most appropriate stone for the proper application is important.
Here are a few several types of natural stone, within the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or may not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite that is among the hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It is generally used by masons for its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types are the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are found in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock which has undergone transformation from an existing rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long periods of time, resulting in profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is just a typical and popular metamorphic rock which has, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. There are various types of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some traditional types are the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is used by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity provides a sharpness that is popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and use it as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, a long process and application of heat and pressure to make strata layers in to a structure called bedding. Within this bedding you may even find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Frequently employed types of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which all of the City of Bath is created from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent used by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as for example Leeds Castle are all famous stoneworks created from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine is also a well known limestone that is used for its soft aesthetic looks. It is generally used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms